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Featured Scientific Report

Jordan SC, Joung SY, Wang M, Tran TA, Bravo M, Masoom H, Chang C, Mendez M, Sun N, Patel J, Kittleson M, Frias E, Prostko JC, Ebinger JE, Cheng S, Sobhani K. Assessing the post hoc effectiveness of tixagevimab-cilgavimab for prevention of SARS-CoV-2 infections in solid organ transplant recipients. Transpl Infect Dis. 2024:26:e14182. 



All Published Scientific Reports

Teodorescu DL, Kote A, Reaso JN, Rosenberg C, Liu X, Kwan AC, Cheng S, Chen PS. Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome after COVID-19 vaccination. Heart Rhythm. 2024;21:74-81.


Hui Yeo Y, Zhang Y, He X, Lv F, Patel JK, Ji F, Cheng S. Temporal trend of acute myocardial infarction-related mortality and associated racial/ethnic disparities during the omicron outbreak. J Transl Int Med. 2023 Dec 20;11(4):468-470. 

Sobhani K, Cheng S, Binder RA, Mantis NJ, Crawford JM, Okoye N, Braun JG, Joung S, Wang M, Lozanski G, King CL, Roback JD, Granger DA, Boppana SB, Karger AB. Clinical Utility of SARS-CoV-2 Serological Testing and Defining a Correlate of Protection. Vaccines (Basel). 2023;11:1644.

Lee YJ, Li D, Mujukian A, Debbas P, Hampton M, Mengesha E, Cheng S, Ebinger JE, Chiorean M, Lum D, Damas OM, Braun J, McGovern DPB, Melmed GY; CORALE-IBD Study Group. Postvaccination Symptoms After a Fourth Dose of mRNA SARS-CoV-2 Vaccination in Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2023 Sep 29: Epub ahead of print. 

Li D, Pavlovitch-Bedzyk AJ, Ebinger JE, Khan A, Hamideh M, Merchant A, Figueiredo JC, Cheng S, Davis MM, McGovern DPB, Melmed GY, Xu AM, Braun J. A Paratope-Enhanced Method to Determine Breadth and Depth TCR Clonal Metrics of the Private Human T-Cell Vaccine Response after SARS-CoV-2 Vaccination. Int J Mol Sci. 2023;24(18):14223. 

Mujukian A, Kumar R, Li D, Debbas P, Botwin GJ, Cheng S, Ebinger J, Braun J, McGovern D, Melmed GY; CORALE-IBD Study Group. Postvaccination Symptoms After SARS-CoV-2 mRNA Vaccination Among Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Prospective, Comparative Study. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2023 Aug 9: Epub ahead of print.

Muhyieddeen A, Cheng S, Mamas MA, Beasley D, Weins GC, Gulati M. Racial Disparities in Mortality Associated With Acute Myocardial Infarction and COVID-19 in the United States: A Nationwide Analysis. Curr Probl Cardiol. 2023;48(9):101798.

Joung S,* Weber B,* Wu M, Liu Y, Tang AB, Driver M, Sternbach S, Wynter T, Hoang A, Barajas D, Kao YH, Khuu B, Bravo M, Masoom H, Tran T, Sun N, Botting PG, Claggett BL, Prostko JC, Frias EC, Stewart JL, Robertson J, Kwan AC, Torossian M, Pedraza I, Sterling C, Goldzweig C, Oft J, Zabner R, Fert-Bober J, Ebinger JE, Sobhani K, Cheng S,* Le CN.* Serological response to vaccination in post-accute sequelae of COVID. BMC Infectious Diseases. 2023:23:97.


Kwan AC, Ebinger JE, Botting P, Navarrette J, Claggett BL, Cheng S. Association of COVID vaccination with risk for incident diabetes following COVID infection. JAMA Netw Open. 2023:6:e2255965.  HIGH ALTMETRICS 


Ebinger JE,* Joung SY,* Wang M, Liu Y, Protsko JC, Frias EC, Stewart JL, Braun J, McGovern DPB,  Melmed GY, Jordan SC, Claggett BL, Sobhani K,* Cheng S.* Long-term durability of antibody response after SARS-CoV-2 vaccination and influencing factors. J Intern Med. 2023: Epub ahead of print.  HIGH ALTMETRICS 

Kwan AC, Ebinger JE, Wei J, Le CN, Oft JR, Zabner R, Teodorescu D, Botting PG, Navarrette J, Ouyang D, Driver M, Claggett BL, Weber BN, Chen PS, Cheng S. Apparent risks of postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome diagnoses after COVID vaccination and COVID infection. Nature Cardiovascular Research. 2022: Epub ahead of print.  HIGH ALTMETRICS 

Yeo YH,* Wang M,* He X, Lv F, Zhang Y, Zu J, Li M, Jiao Y, Ebinger JE, Patel JK, Cheng S,* Ji F.* Excess risk for acute myocardial infarction mortality during the COVID-19 pandemic. J Med Virol. 2022: Epub ahead of print.  HIGH ALTMETRICS 

Huang Y,* Shin JE,* Xu A,* Yao C,* Joung S, Wu M, Zhang R, Shin B, Foley J, Mahov SB, Ebinger JE, Driver M, Braun JG, Jefferies CA, Parimon T, Hayes C, Sobhani K, Merchant A, Gharib SA, Jordan SC, Cheng S,* Goodridge H,* Chen P.* Evidence of premature lymphocyte aging in people with low anti-spike levels after BNT162b2 vaccination. iScience. 2022: 25(10):105209.

Simpkins A, Cheng, S. COVID-19 exposures, vaccines, and acute ischemic stroke risk: on balance and in balance. Neurology. 2022: Epub ahead of print HIGH ALTMETRICS 

Li D, Debbas P, Mujukian A, Cheng S, Braun J, McGovern DPB, Melmed GY. Post-vaccination symptoms after a third dose of mRNA SARS-CoV-2 vaccination in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2022: Epub ahead of print. 

Joung SY,* Ebinger JE,* Sun N, Liu Y, Wu M, Tang AB, Prostko JC, Frias EC, Stewart JL, Sobhani K, Cheng S. Awareness of infection among persons with recent COVID-19 seropositivity. JAMA Netw Open. 2022;5(8):e2227241.  HIGH ALTMETRICS 


Ebinger JE, Driver M, Joung S, Tran T, Barajas D, Wu M, Botting P, Navarette J, Sun N, Cheng S. Hypertension and excess risk for severe COVID-19 illness despite booster vaccination. Hypertension. 2022: Epub ahead of print.  HIGH ALTMETRICS 

Pozdnyakova V, Weber B, Cheng S, Ebinger JE. Review of Immunologic Manifestations of COVID-19 Infection and Vaccination. Cardiol Clin. 2022;40:301-308.

Li D,* Xu A,* Mengesha E, Elyanow R, Gittelman RM, Chapman H, Prostko JC, Frias EC, Stewart JL, Pozdnyakova V, Debbas P, Mujukian A, Horizon AA, Merin N, Joung S, Botwin GJ, Sobhani K, Figueiredo JC, Cheng S, Kaplan IM, McGovern DPB, Merchant A, Melmed GY, Braun J. The T-cell clonal response to SARS-CoV-2 vaccination in inflammatory bowel disease patients is augmented with anti-TNF therapy. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2022:28:1130-1133. PMID: 35397000.  HIGH ALTMETRICS 

Gershengorn HB, Vranas KC, Ouyang D, Cheng S, Rogers AJ, Schweiger L, Cooke CR, Slatore CG. Influence of the COVID-19 pandemic on author gender and manuscript acceptance rates among pulmonary and critical care journals. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2022: Epub ahead of print.

Ebinger JE, Joung S, Liu Y, Wu M, Weber B, Claggett B, Botting PG, Sun N, Driver M, Kao YH, Khuu B, Wynter T, Nguyen TT, Alotaibi M, Prostko JC, Frias EC, Stewart JL, Goodridge HS, Chen P, Jordan SC, Jain M, Sharma S, Fert-Bober J, Van Eyk JE, Minissian MB, Arditi M, Melmed GY, Braun JG, McGovern DPB, Cheng S,* Sobhani K.* Longitudinal cohort analysis of demographic and clinical characteristics associated with variations in antibody response to BNT162b2 vaccination among healthcare workers at an academic medical center. BMJ Open. 2022:12:e059994.


Plummer JT, Contreras D, Zhang W, Binek A, Zhang R, Dezem F, Chen SC, Davis BD, Sincuir Martinez J, Stotland A, Kreimer S, Makhoul E, Heneidi S, Eno C, Shin B, Berg AH, Cheng S, Jordan SC, Vail E, Van Eyk J, Morgan MA. USA SARS-CoV-2 Epsilon variant: though highly transmissible has an adjusted muted host T-cell response. Clin Infect Dis. 2022: Epub ahead of print.

Ebinger JE,* Lan R,* Driver M, Sun N, Botting P, Park E, Davis T, Minissian MB, Coleman B, Riggs R, Roberts P, Cheng S. Seasonal COVID-19 surge related hospital volumes and case fatality rates. BMC Infectious Diseases. 2022:22:178.

Xu AM, Li D, Ebinger JE, Mengesha E, Elyanow R, Gittelman RM, Chapman H, Joung S, Botwin GJ, Pozdnyakova V, Debbas P, Mujukian A, Prostko JC, Frias EC, Stewart JL, Horizon AA, Merin N, Sobhani K, Figueiredo JC, Cheng S, Kaplan IM, McGovern DPB, Merchant A, Melmed GY, Braun J. Differences in SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Response Dynamics Between Class-I- and Class-II-Specific T-Cell Receptors in Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Front Immunol. 2022 Apr 8;13:880190. 

Liu Y, Ebinger JE, Mostafa R, Budde P, Gajewski J, Walker B, Joung S, Wu M, Bräutigam M, Hesping F, Rupieper E, Schubert AS, Zucht HD, Braun J, Melmed GY, Sobhani K, Arditi M, Van Eyk JE,* Cheng S,* Fert-Bober J.* Paradoxical sex-specific patterns of autoantibody response to SARS-CoV-2 infection. J Transl Med. 2021 Dec 30;19(1):524 HIGH ALTMETRICS 


Ebinger JE, Lan R, Sun N, Wu M, Joung S, Botwin GJ, Botting P, Al-Amili D, Aronow H, Beekley J, Coleman B, Contreras S, Cozen W, Davis J, Debbas P, Diaz J, Driver M, Fert-Bober J, Gu Q, Heath M, Herrera E, Hoang A, Hussain SK, Huynh C, Kim L, Kittleson M, Liu Y, Lloyd J, Luong E, Malladi B, Merchant A, Merin N, Mujukian A, Nguyen N, Nguyen T, Pozdnyakova V, Rashid M, Raedschelders K, Reckamp KL, Rhoades K, Sternbach S, Vallejo R, White S, Tompkins R, Wong M, Arditi M, Figueiredo JC, Van Eyk JE, Miles PB, Chavira C, Shane R, Sobhani K, Melmed GY, McGovern DPB, Braun JG, Cheng S*, Minissian MB.* Symptomology Following mRNA Vaccination Against SARS-CoV-2. Prev Med 2021: Epub ahead of print.

Melmed GY, Botwin GJ, Li D, Sobhani K, Prostko J, Figueiredo J, Cheng S, Braun J, McGovern DPB. Antibody Responses Following SARS-CoV-2 mRNA Vaccination in Adults with Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Annals of Internal Medicine. 2021: Epub ahead of print HIGH ALTMETRICS 

Jordan SC, Shin B, Gadsden TM, Chu M, Petrosyan A, Le CN, Zabner R, Oft J, Pedraza I, Cheng S, Vo A, Ammerman N, Plummer J, Ge S, Froch M, Berg A, Toyoda M, Zhang R. T cell immune responses to SARS-CoV-2 and variants of concern (Alpha and Delta) in infected and vaccinated individuals. Cell Mol Immunol. 2021; Epub ahead of print.

Yuan N, Botting PG, Elad Y, Miller SJ, Cheng S, Ebinger JE, Kittleson MM. Practice Patterns and Patient Outcomes After Widespread Adoption of Remote Heart Failure Care. Circ Heart Fail. 2021;14:e008573. Epub ahead of print.

Porritt RA, Binek A, Paschold L, Noval Rivas M, McArdle A, Yonker LM, Alter G, Chandnani HK, Lopez M, Fasano A, Van Eyk JE, Binder M, Arditi M. The autoimmune signature of hyperinflammatory multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children. J Clin Invest. 2021; Epub ahead of print HIGH ALTMETRICS 

Pozdnyakova V, Botwin GJ, Sobhani K, Prostko P, Braun J, Melmed GY, CORALE-IBD study group. Decreased Antibody Responses to Ad26.COV2.S Relative to SARS-CoV-2 mRNA Vaccines in Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Gastroenterology. 2021; Epub ahead of print.

Xian H, Liu Y, Rundberg Nilsson A, Gatchalian R, Crother TR, Tourtellotte WG, Zhang Y, Aleman-Muench GR, Lewis G, Chen W, Kang S, Luevanos M, Trudler D, Lipton SA, Soroosh P, Teijaro J, de la Torre JC, Arditi M, Karin M, Sanchez-Lopez E. Metformin inhibition of mitochondrial ATP and DNA synthesis abrogates NLRP3 inflammasome activation and pulmonary inflammation. Immunity. 2021: Epub ahead of print



Kim H, Rebholz CM, Hegde S, LaFiura C, Raghavan M, Lloyd JF, Cheng S, Seidelmann SB. Plant-based diets, pescatarian diets and Covid-19 severity: a population-based case-control study in six countries. BMJ Nutr Prev Health. 2021; Epub ahead of print HIGH ALTMETRICS 

Ebinger J, Wells M, Ouyang D, Davis T, Kaufman N, Cheng S, Chugh S. A machine learning algorithm predicts duration of hospitalization in COVID-19 patients. Intell Based Med. 2021; Epub ahead of print.

Botwin GJ, Li D, Figueiredo J, Cheng S, Braun J, McGovern DPB, Melmed GY. Adverse Events Following SARS-CoV-2 mRNA Vaccination Among Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Am J Gastroenterol. 2021; Epub ahead of print.  HIGH ALTMETRICS 

Cheng MH, Porritt RA, Noval Rivas M, Krieger JM, Ozdemir AB, Garcia Jr G, Arumugaswami V, Fries BC, Arditi M, Bahar I. A monoclonal antibody against staphylococcal enterotoxin B superantigen inhibits SARS-CoV-2 entry in vitro. Structure. 2021; Epub ahead of print.

Yuan N, Pevnick JM, Botting PG, Elad Y, Miller SJ, Cheng S, Ebinger JE. Patient utilization and clinical practice patterns of remote cardiology clinic visits in the era of COVID-19. JAMA Netw Open. 2021; Epub ahead of print.  HIGH ALTMETRICS 

Ebinger JE, Fert-Bober J, Printsev I, Wu M, Sun N, Prostko JC, Frias EC, Stewart JL, Van Eyk JE, Braun JG,* Cheng S,* Sobhani K.* Antibody responses to the BNT162b2 mRNA vaccine in individuals previously infected with SARS-CoV-2. Nat Med. 2021. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33795870 HIGH ALTMETRICS 

Porritt RA, Paschold L, Noval Rivas M, Cheng MH, Yonker LM, Chandnani H, Lopez M, Simnica D, Schultheiß C, Santiskulvong C, van Eyk J, McCormick JK, Fasano A, Bahar I, Binder M, Arditi M. HLA class I-associated expansion of TRBV11-2 T cells in Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children. J Clin Invest. 2021. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33705359.  HIGH ALTMETRICS 

Ebinger J, Driver M, Ji H, Claggett B, Wu M, Luong E, Sun N, Botting P, Kim EH, Hoang A, Nguyen TT, Diaz J, Park E, Davis T, Hussain S, Cheng S,* Figueiredo JC.* Temporal variations in the severity of COVID-19 illness by race and ethnicity. BMJ Nutr Prev Health. 2021; Epub ahead of print.

Kennedy NA, Goodhand JR, Bewshea C, Nice R, Chee D, Lin S, Chanchlani N, Butterworth J, Cooney R, Croft NM, Hart AL, Irving PM, Kok KB, Lamb CA, Limdi JK, Macdonald J, McGovern DP, Mehta SJ, Murray CD, Patel KV, Pollok RC, Raine T, Russell RK, Selinger CP, Smith PJ, Bowden J, McDonald TJ, Lees CW, Sebastian S, Powell N, Ahmad T; Contributors to the CLARITY IBD study. Anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibody responses are attenuated in patients with IBD treated with infliximab. Gut. 2021;70(5):865-875. PMID: 33753421; PMCID: PMC7992387.

Yuan N, Ji H, Sun N, Botting P, Nguyen T, Torbati S, Cheng S, Ebinger J. Pseudo-safety in a cohort of patients with COVID-19 discharged home from the emergency department. Emerg Med J. 2021. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33602725.

Siegel CA, Melmed GY, McGovern DP, Rai V, Krammer F, Rubin DT, Abreu MT, Dubinsky MC; International Organization for the Study of Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IOIBD); International Organization for the Study of Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IOIBD). SARS-CoV-2 vaccination for patients with inflammatory bowel diseases: recommendations from an international consensus meeting. Gut. 2021;70(4):635-640. PMID: 33472895; PMCID: PMC7818789.

Kim H, Hegde S, LaFiura C, Raghavan M, Luong E, Cheng S, Rebholz CM, Seidelmann SB. COVID-19 illness in relation to sleep and burnout. BMJ Nutr Prev Health. 2021. Epub ahead of print. PMCID: PMC7995669.

Ebinger JE, Botwin GJ, Albert CM, Alotaibi M, Arditi M, Berg AH, Binek A, Botting P, Fert-Bober J, Figueiredo JC, Grein JD, Hasan W, Henglin M, Hussain SK, Jain M, Joung S, Karin M, Kim EH, Li D, Liu Y, Luong E, McGovern DPB, Merchant A, Merin N, Miles PB, Minissian M, Nguyen TT, Raedschelders K, Rashid MA, Riera CE, Riggs RV, Sharma S, Sternbach S, Sun N, Tourtellotte WG, Van Eyk JE, Sobhani K,* Braun JG,* Cheng S.* Seroprevalence of antibodies to SARS-CoV-2 in healthcare workers: a cross-sectional study. BMJ Open. 2021;11(2):e043584. PMID: 33579769; PMCID: PMC7883610.

Shmueli H, Shah M, Ebinger JE, Nguyen LC, Chernomordik F, Flint N, Botting P, Siegel RJ. Left ventricular global longitudinal strain in identifying subclinical myocardial dysfunction among patients hospitalized with COVID-19. Int J Cardiol Heart Vasc. 2021;32:100719. PMID: 33521240; PMCID: PMC7830223.

Kim H, Hegde S, LaFiura C, Raghavan M, Sun N, Cheng S, Rebholz CM, Seidelmann SB. Access to personal protective equipment in exposed healthcare workers and COVID-19 illness, severity, symptoms and duration: a population-based case- control study in six countries. BMJ Glob Health. 2021;6(1):e004611. PMID: 33509841; PMCID: PMC7844929.

Rivas MN, Ebinger JE, Wu M, Sun N, Braun J, Sobhani K, Van Eyk JE, Cheng S,* Arditi M.* BCG vaccination history associates with decreased SARS-CoV-2 seroprevalence across a diverse cohort of health care workers. J Clin Invest. 2021;131(2):e145157. PMID: 33211672; PMCID: PMC7810479 HIGH ALTMETRICS 

Melmed GY, Rubin DT, McGovern DPB. Winter Is Coming! Clinical, Immunologic, and Practical Considerations for Vaccinating Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease During the Coronavirus Disease-2019 Pandemic. Gastroenterology. 2021;160(3):639-644. PMID: 33065064; PMCID: PMC7553998.


Potdar AA, Dube S, Naito T, Li K, Botwin G, Haritunians T, Li D, Casero D, Yang S, Bilsborough J, Perrigoue JG, Denson LA, Daly M, Targan SR, Fleshner P, Braun J, Kugathasan S, Stappenbeck TS, McGovern DPB. Altered Intestinal ACE2 Levels Are Associated With Inflammation, Severe Disease, and Response to Anti-Cytokine Therapy in Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Gastroenterology. 2021;160(3):809-822.e7. PMID: 33160965.

Noval Rivas M, Porritt RA, Cheng MH, Bahar I, Arditi M. COVID-19-associated multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C): A novel disease that mimics toxic shock syndrome-the superantigen hypothesis. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2021;147:57-59. PMID: 33075409.

Rowley AH, Shulman ST, Arditi M. Immune pathogenesis of COVID-19-related multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children. J Clin Invest. 2020 Nov 2;130:5619-5621. PMID: 32870815.

Cheng MH, Zhang S, Porritt RA, Noval Rivas M, Paschold L, Willscher E, Binder M, Arditi M, Bahar I. Superantigenic character of an insert unique to SARS-CoV-2 spike supported by skewed TCR repertoire in patients with hyperinflammation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2020 Oct 13;117(41):25254-25262. PMID: 32989130.

Goodman-Meza D, Rudas A, Chiang JN, Adamson PC, Ebinger J, Sun N, Botting P, Fulcher JA, Saab FG, Brook R, Eskin E, An U, Kordi M, Jew B, Balliu B, Chen Z, Hill BL, Rahmani E, Halperin E, Manuel V. A machine learning algorithm to increase COVID-19 inpatient diagnostic capacity. PLoS One. 2020 Sep 22;15(9):e0239474. PMID: 32960917; PMCID: PMC7508387.

Minissian MB, Ballard-Hernandez J, Coleman B, Chavez J, Sheffield L, Joung S, Parker A, Stepien SJ, Romero J, Floríndez LI, Simons CD, De Jesus M, Marshall D. Multi-Specialty Nursing During COVID-19: Lessons Learned in Southern California. Nurse Lead. 2020 Sep 7. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 32922217.

Rubin DT, Abreu MT, Rai V, Siegel CA; International Organization for the Study of Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Management of Patients With Crohn's Disease and Ulcerative Colitis During the Coronavirus Disease-2019 Pandemic: Results of an International Meeting. Gastroenterology. 2020 Jul;159(1):6-13.e6. Epub 2020 Apr 6. PMID: 32272113; PMCID: PMC7194599.

Barsky LL, Ebinger JE, Alotaibi M, Jain M, Torbati S, Rosen BT, Cheng S. Efficacy of clinical evaluations for COVID-19 on the front line. Int J Emerg Med. 2020;13(1):54. PMID: 33160316; PMCID: PMC7647876.

Ebinger JE, Achamallah N, Ji H, Claggett BL, Sun N, Botting P, Nguyen TT, Luong E, Kim EH, Park E, Liu Y, Rosenberry R, Matusov Y, Zhao S, Pedraza I, Zaman T, Thompson M, Raedschelders K, Berg AH, Grein JD, Noble PW, Chugh SS, Bairey Merz CN, Marbán E, Van Eyk JE, Solomon SD, Albert CM, Chen P,* Cheng S.* Pre-existing traits associated with Covid-19 illness severity. PLoS One. 2020;15(7):e0236240. PMID: 32702044; PMCID: PMC7377468.

Lopez JJ, Ebinger JE, Allen S, Yildiz M, Henry TD. Adapting STEMI care for the COVID-19 pandemic: The case for low-risk STEMI triage and early discharge. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2020:10.1002/ccd.28993. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 32478957; PMCID: PMC7300822.

Ebinger JE, Shah PK. Declining Admissions for Acute Cardiovascular Illness: The COVID-19 Paradox. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2020;76(3):289-291. Epub 2020 May 26. PMID: 32470513; PMCID: PMC7250547.

Ramireddy A, Chugh H, Reinier K, Ebinger J, Park E, Thompson M, Cingolani E, Cheng S, Marban E, Albert CM, Chugh SS. Experience With Hydroxychloroquine and Azithromycin in the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic: Implications for QT Interval Monitoring. J Am Heart Assoc. 2020;9(12):e017144. Epub 2020 May 28. PMID: 32463348; PMCID: PMC7429030.

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